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Gilded Age Test/Exam Questions

Exam 1875-1895
I. Given Samuel Gomper's views on labor questions, what, probably, were his objections to
a) Socialist infiltration of the Americam Federation of Labor (A. F. of L.)
b) Deb's new union, The American Railway Union (A.R.U,)
c) joining in a sympathy strike in support of the ARU during the Pullman Strike.

2. In Bellamy's Looking Backward:
a) how did the State know what, and how much, to produce in the way of consumers' goods?
b) how had the status of women supposedly changed in the year 2000 from what it had been in 1887?

3.  Each of the following was a critic of the doctrine of laissez faire. What specific function or functions did each urge the government to perform? (D0 3 OF THE 4)
a) Henry George
b) Lester Frank Ward
c) Jane Addams
d) One of the New Political Economists (John Bates Clark, Simon Patten, Henry Carter Adams)

4.  Discuss very briefly the significance (importance to history) of any five of the following:
a) The Justice Department's ruling during the Great Northern Strike with reference to mail trains
b) The struggle between Stalwarts and Half-Breed Republicans
e) The Treasury Surplus of the 1880's.
d) The "Crime of 1873."
e) Coxey's scheme for ending the Panic of 1893.
f) The Mulligan Letters 



1.   a.    Identify the document from which each of the following quotations was taken.

    b.    What apparently was the original intent or purpose of the measure?

    c.    How was it distorted in actual practice from that original intent?

    (A)    "The right of citizens of the United States to vote shall not be denied or abridged by the United States or by any State on account of race, color, or previous condition of servitude.."

    (B)    "The United States hereby disclaims any disposition of intention to exercise sovereignty, jurisdiction, or control over said island except for pacification thereof, and asserts its determination, when that is accomplished, to leave the government and control of the island to its people."

    (C)    "Every contract, combination in the form of trust or otherwise, or conspiracy, in restraint of trade or commerce among the several States, or with foreign nations, is declared to be illegal".

    (D)    No State shall make or enforce any law which shall abridge the privileges or immunities of citizens of the United States; nor shall any State deprive any person of life, liberty, or property, without due process of law; nor deny to any person within its jurisdiction the equal protection of the laws.

    (E)   No public official “shall, directly or indirectly, solicit or receive …any assessment, subscription, or contribution for any political purpose whatever, from any officer, clerk or employee of the United States…"

2.   Compare and contrast the following political movements around the following points (devote one good paragraphs to each of the movements):

    a. When (approximate dates) was the movement of political conseqeunce?

    b.  What were its main goals and objectives?

    c. What main group or groups were involved in the movement?

   d.   To what degree did it reach or fail to reach its goals?

3.    How, specifically, did Lincoln Steffens in his book The Shame of the Cities,  go about writing the exposé of a big city boss? How and where did he get his information and how did he check its accuracy?

4.    In Expansionists of 1898, Julius W. Pratt argues that American businessmen as a whole were opposed to the coming of the Spanish American War.

    a.    What sort of evidence did he use to prove this contention?

    b.    Why, according to Pratt, did businessmen generally oppose war?

5.   What were the three major controversial Supreme Court decisions handed down in 1895? Choose one of the three and discuss:

    a. The role of Attorney General Olney in the case. What was he attempting to do?

    b. What was the central point or points of the court ruling?

    c. What was the historic significance of the case?

    d.    When and by what action was the decision ultimately undone?


Donald J. Mabry