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Casablanca Conference


                         Feb 12, 1943

    (The Public Papers of F. D. Roosevelt, Vol 12, p. 71)

                       (Radio Address)

     The decisions reached and the actual plans made at

Casablanca were not confined to any one theater of war or to

any one continent or ocean or sea.  Before this year is out,

it will be made known to the world-in actions rather than

words-that the Casablanca Conference produced plenty of news;

and it will be bad news for the Germans and Italians-and the


     We have lately concluded a long, hard battle in the

Southwest Pacific and we have made notable gains.  That battle

started in the Solomons and New Guinea last summer.  It has

demonstrated our superior power in planes and, most

importantly, in the fighting qualities of our individual

soldiers and sailors.

     American armed forces in the Southwest Pacific are

receiving powerful aid from Australia and New Zealand and also

directly from the British themselves.

     We do not expect to spend the time it would take to bring

Japan to final defeat merely by inching our way forward from

island to island across the vast expanse of the Pacific.

     Great and decisive actions against the Japanese will be

taken to drive the invader from the soil of China.  Important

actions will be taken in the skies over China-and over Japan


     The discussions at Casablanca have been continued in

Chungking with the Generalissimo by General Arnold and have

resulted in definite plans for offensive operations.

     There are many roads which lead right to Tokyo.  We shall

neglect none of them.

     In an attempt to ward off the inevitable disaster, the

Axis propagandist are trying all of their old tricks in order

to divide the United Nations.  They seek to create the idea

that if we win this war, Russia, England, China, and the

United States are going to get into a cat-and-dog fight.

     This is their final effort to turn one nation against

another, in the vain hope that they may settle with one or two

at a time-that any of us may be so gullible and so forgetful

as to be duped into making "deals" at the expense of our


     To these panicky attempts to escape the consequences of

their crimes we say-all the United Nations say-that the only

terms on which we shall deal with an Axis government or any

Axis factions are the terms proclaimed at Casablanca:

"Unconditional Surrender."  In our uncompromising policy we

mean no harm to the common people of the Axis nations.  But we

do mean to impose punishment and retribution in full upon

their guilty, barbaric leaders...

     In the years of the American and French revolutions the

fundamental principle guiding our democracies was established.

The cornerstone of our whole democratic edifice was the

principle that from the people and the people alone flows the

authority of government.

     It is one of our war aims, as expressed in the Atlantic

Charter, that the conquered populations of today be again the

masters of their destiny.  There must be no doubt anywhere

that it is the unalterable purpose of the United Nations to

restore to conquered peoples their sacred rights.