Printer friendly version Print this page

Historical Text Archive © 1990 - 2021
Printer friendly version of:

Feudalism Bibliography

By Haines Brown

This is a checklist of books and articles on feudalism in world history prepared in 1993. Sections are linked to entries in the table of contents. Corrections and additions to this list would be very much appreciated (send to Haines Brown at

The user should be aware that because the compiler does not accept the Eurocentric empiricist definition of feudalism, much material concerning what are presumed to be feudal institutions in Europe is here omitted.

Table of Contents


Ashtor, Eliyahu. 1976.
A Social and Economic History of the Near East in the Middle Ages. Berkeley: California.
Black-Michaud, Jacob. 1975.
Cohesive Force: Feud in the Mediterranean and the Middle East. Oxford: Basil Blackwell.
Cahen, Claude. 1980.
"Technique et organisation socio-militaire dans le monde musulman 'classique.' Structures féodales et féodalisme dans l'occident Méditerranéen (Xe - XIIIe siècles)." Collection de l'école francaise. Rome 44: 691-698.
Centre d'études et de recherches marxistes. 1974.
Sur le féodalisme. Paris: éditions Sociales.
Critchley, John. 1978.
Feudalism. London: Allen & Unwin.
Deger-Jalkotzy, Sigrid. 1987.
"'Near Eastern Economics' versus 'Feudal Society'." Minos 20-22: 137-150.
Felber, Roland, and Merlene Njammasch. 1986.
"Besonderheiten und Gemeinsamkeiten in der Feudalismusentwicklung in Indien, China und Japan: Versuch einer Vergleichenden Analyse." Jahrbuch für Geschichte des Feudalismus 10: 9-27.
Gunawardana, R. A. L. H. 1975.
"The Analysis of Pre-Colonial Social Formations in Asia in the Writings of Karl Marx." The Sri Lanka Journal of the Humanities 1: 8-30.
Hrozny, Bedrich. 1947.
Histoire de l'Asie antérieure, de l'Inde, et de la Crète. Paris.
Joüon des Longrais, F.
L'Est et L'Ouest. Institutions du Japon et de l'Ouest comparés. Tokyo/Paris: 1958.
Joüon des Longrais, Frédéric. 1958.
L'Est et L'Ouest: Institutions du Japon et le l'Occident comparées. Paris/Tokyo: Maison Franco-Japonaise.
Krader, Lawrence. 1958.
"Feudalism and the Tartar Polity of the Middle Ages." Comparative Studies in Society and History 1: 76- 99.
________. 1971.
Peoples of Central Asia. Bloomington: Indiana.
Laclau, Ernesto. 1971.
"Feudalism and Capitalism in Latin America." New Left Review , no. 67.
Lewis, Archibald R. 1969.
"The Midi, Buwayid Iraq, and Japan: Some Aspects of Comparative Feudalisms, A.D. 936-1050." Comparative Studies in Society and History 11: 47-53.
Ma Keyao. 1990.
Asian and European Feudalism: Three Studies in Comparative History. Copenhagen: East Asian Institute, University of Copenhagen.
Melikishvili, G. A. 1976.
"The Character of the Socioeconomic Structure in the Ancient Near East (A Preliminary Classification of Class Societies by Stage and Type)." Soviet Anthropology and Archaeology 15, no. 2/3: 29-49.
Pokora, Timoteus. 1966.
"A Theory of Periodization of World History." Archiv Orientalni 34: 602-605.
Russell, James W. 1989.
Modes of Production in World History. New York: Routledge.
Stern, Steve J. 1988.
"Feudalism, Capitalism, and the World System in the Perspective of Latin America and the Caribbean." American Historical Review 93: 829-872.
Toynbee, Arnold P., A. L. Kroeber, and et al. 1950.
Conference on Feudalism. Princeton: Institute for Advanced Study.
Vladimirtsov, B. Ya. 1948.
Le régime social des Mongols. Le féodalisme nomade. Paris: Adrien-Maisonneuve.
Weber, Max. 1961.
General Economic History (1919-20). New York.
Werner, Ernst. 1963.
"Charakteristika des vorder- und mittelasiastischen Feudalismus." Zeitschrift für Geschichtswissenschaft 11: 1134-1145.
________. 1962.
"De l'esclavage à la féodalité: La périodisation de l'histoire mondiale." Annales: ESC 17: 930-939.

Social Science

Abel, Richard L. 1973.
"A Comparative Theory of Dispute Institutions in Society." Law and Society Review 8: 216-347.
Abercrombie, Nicholas, Stephen Hill, and Bryan S. Turner. 1980.
The Dominant Ideology Thesis. Boston: Allen & Unwin.
Abrahamian, Ervand. 1975.
"European Feudalism and Middle Eastern Despotisms." Science and Society 39: 129-156.
Amin, Samir. 1985.
"Modes of Production, History and Unequal Development (Communication)." Science and Society 49: 194- 207.
Balandier, Georges. 1970.
Political Anthropology. New York: Pantheon.
Balibar, étienne. 1970.
"From Periodization to the Modes of Production." Reading Capital, Pt.II, ch. I, pp.209-224. Louis Althusser. London.
Banaji, Jairus. 1977.
"Modes of Production in a Materialist Conception of History." Capital and Class , no. 3: 1-44.
________. 1976.
"The Peasantry in the Feudal Mode of Production: Towards an Economic Model." Journal of Peasant Studies 3: 299-320.
Barg, M. A., and V. N. Nikiforov. 1977.
"Feudalism." The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, New York: Macmillan.
Bentzien, Ulrich. 1980.
Bauernarbeit im Feudalismus. Berlin.
Bhaduri, Amit. 1973, March.
"Agricultural Backwardness under Semi-Feudalism." Economic Journal 83, no. 329.
Bloch, Marc. 1931.
"Feudalism, European." Encyclopaedia of the Social Sciences, 203-210. New York: Macmillan.
Bois, Guy. 1978.
"Against the Neo-Malthusian Orthodoxy." Past and Present , no. 79: 60-69.
Braitschewski, Michael. 1968.
"Zum Problem der feudalen Synthese." Das Altertum 14: 97-103.
Brenner, Robert. 1977.
"The Origins of Capitalist Development: A Critique of Neo-Smithian Marxism." New Left Review , no. 104: 25-92.
Brown, Elizabeth A. R. 1974.
"The Tyranny of a Construct: Feudalism and Historians of Medieval Europe." American Historical Review 79: 1963-1088.
Brunner, Otto. 1968.
"Feudalism: The History of a Concept." Lordship and Community in Medieval Europe, Editor Fredrich Cheyette. New York.
Byres, T. J., and Mukhia, Harbars. Editors. 1985.
Feudalism and Non-European Societies. London: Biblio Dist Center (Totowa).
Cook, C. Scott. 1976.
"Value, Price and Simple Commodity Production: The Case of the Zapotec Stoneworkers." Journal of Peasant Studies 3.
Coulborn, Rushton. 1956.
Feudalism in History. Princeton: Princeton.
Dobb, Maurice H. 1962, September.
"From Feudalism to Capitalism." Marxism Today.
___________. 1963².
Studies in the Development of Capitalism. New York: International/New World paperback.
___________. 1963.
"The Transition from Feudalism to Capitalism." Our History , no. No. 29.
Dunham, William Huse. 1958.
"Review of Bryce D Lyon, From Fief to Indenture: The Transition from Feudal to Non-Feudal Contract in Western Europe (Cambridge MA: Harvard, 1956)." Speculum 33: 300-304.
Duplessis, Robert S. 1977, December.
"From Demesne to World System: A Critical Review of the Literature on the Transition from Feudalism to Capitalism." Radical History Review 4: 3-41.
Engels, Frederick. 1884.
"The Decline of Feudalism and the Rise of the Bourgeoisie."
Evans-Pritchard, Edward E. 1961.
Anthropology and History: A Lecture Delivered in the University of Manchester. Manchester : Manchester.
Felber, Roland, and Marlene Njammasch. 1986.
"Besonderheiten und Gemeinsamkeiten in der Feudalismusentwicklung in Indien, China und Japan: Versuch einer Verglichenden Analyse." Jahrbuch der Geschichte Feudalismus 10: 9-27.
"Feudalism and Non-European Societies." 1985, January.
Journal of Peasant Studies , no. Special Issue.
Fustel de Coulanges, Numa Denis. 1890.
Les Origines du système féodal.
Genet, J. Ph., et al. Editors. 1982.
Compte Rendu des Séances de la Société d'Etude du Féodalisme. III-IV (1979-80). Paris.
Gluckman, Max. 1955.
"The Peace in the Feud." Past and Present 8: 1-14.
Gottlieb, Roger. 1984.
"Feudalism and Historical Materialism: A Critique and a Synthesis." Science and Society 48: 1-37.
Habib, Irfan. 1969.
"Problems of Marxist Historical Analysis." Enquiry (New Delhi) n.s. 3: 52-68.
Harrison, Mark. 1977, July.
"The Peasant Mode of Production in the Work of A. V. Chayanov." The Journal of Peasant Studies 4: 323-225.
Heller, Henry. 1985.
"The Transition Debate in Historical Perspective." Science and Society 49: 208-213.
Hilton, Rodney H. 1978.
"A Crisis of Feudalism." Past and Present , no. No. 80.
Hilton, Rodney, and Maurice Dobb, Paul Sweezy, H. Takahashi, and Christopher Hill. 1976.
The Transition from Feudalism to Capitalism. London: New Left Books/Humanities.
Hindess, Barry, and Paul Q. Hirst. 1975.
Pre-Capitalist Modes of Production. Boston: Routledge & Kegan Paul.
Hintze, Otto. 1929.
"Wesen und Verbreitung des Feudalismus." Sitzungsberichte der Preussischen Akademie der Wissenschaften 20.
Hoebel, E. Adamson. 1971.
Feud: Concept, Reality, and Method in the Study of Primitive Law. Desai, A. R., Editor. Essays on Modernization of Underdeveloped Societies, I. Bombay: Thacker & Co.: pp. 500-513.
Hobsbawm, Eric. 1964.
"Introduction." Pre-Capitalist Economic Formations, 9-65. Karl Marx. New York: International Publishers.
Holton, Robert. 1981.
"Marxist Theories of Social Change and the Transition from Feudalism to Capitalism." Theory and Society 10: 833-867.
Hoselitz, Bert F. 1957.
"On Comparative History." World Politics 9: 267-279.
Kamenka, Eugene and R. S. Neal. Editors. 1975.
Feudalism, Capitalism and Beyond. London: Arnold.
Katz, Claudio J. 1989.
From Feudalism to Capitalism: Marxian Theories of Class Struggle and Social Change. New York: Greenwood.
Krader, Lawrence. 1958.
"Feudalism and the Tartar Polity of the Middle Ages." Comparative Studies in Society and History 1: 76-99.
Kuchenbuch, Ludolf. 1983.
"Bäuerliche Ökonomie und feudale Produktionsweise - Ein Beitrag zur Weltsystemdebatte aus mediävistischer Sicht." Perspektiven des Weltsystems, 112-141. Editor Jochen Blaschke. Frankfurt.
Kula, Witold. 1976.
An Economic Theory the Feudal System: Towards a Model of the Polish Economy 1500-1800. London.
________. 1970.
Theorie économique du système féodale: pour un model de l'économie polonaise 16e - 18e siècles. Le Havre: Mouton.
Küttler, Wolfgang. 1986.
"Grundlagen geschichtswissenschaftlicher Typisierung. Marxistisch-leninistische Positionen und Max Webers Idealtypische Methode." Marxistische Typisierung und idealtypische Methode in der Geschichteswissensfhaft, 11-59. Editor Wolfgang Küttler. Berlin: Akademie der Wissenschaften, Zentralinstitut für Geschichte.
Küttler, Wolfgang, and Gerhard Lozek. 1970.
"Die historische Gestzmassigkeit der Gesellschaftsformationen als Dialektik von Ereignis, Struktur und Entwicklung." Zeitschrift für Geschichtswissenschaft 18, no. 9: 1117-1145.
Laclau, Ernesto. 1971.
"Feudalism and Capitalism in Latin America." New Left Review , no. 67: 19-55.
Laibman, David. 1984.
"Modes of Production and Theories of Transition." Science and Society 48: 257-294.
Lattimore, Owen. 1957.
"Feudalism in History (review of R. Coulborn, Feudalism in History)." Past and Present , no. 12: 47-57.
Leach, Edmund. 1985.
"Talking about Talking about Feudalism." Feudalism: Comparative Studies, 6-24. Editors Edmund Leach, S. N. Mukherjee, and John Ward. Sydney: Sydney Association for Studies in Society and Culture.
Leach, Edmund, S. N. Mukherjee, and John Ward. Editors. 1985.
Feudalism: Comparative Studies. Sydney: Sydney Association for Studies in Society and Culture.
Lehman, W. C. 1952.
"John Millar, historical Sociologist: Some Remarkable Anticipation of Modern Sociology." British Journal of Sociology 3: 30-46.
Lewis, Archibald R. 1978.
Knights and Samurai: Feudalism in Northern France and Japan. London: Temple Smith.
Lyon, Bryce. 1963.
"The Feudalism of Marc Bloch." Tijdschrift voor Geschiedenis 76: 275-283.
Markov, G. E. 1981.
"Ausbeutungs- und Abhängigkeitsverhältnisse bei den Nomaden Asiens." Die Nomaden in Geschichte und Gegenwart, 13-. Berlin.
Mukherjee, S. N. 1985.
"The Idea of Feudalism: from the Philosophes to Karl Marx." Feudalism: Comparative Studies, 25-39. Editors Edmund Leach, S. N. Mukherjee, and John Ward. Sydney: Sydney Association for Studies in Society and Culture.
Murray, Martin.
"Recent Views on the Transition from Feudalism to Capitalism." Socialist Revolution , no. 34: 64-91.
Müller-Mertens, Eckhard. Editor. 1985.
Feudalismus. Entstehung und Wesen. Berlin: Akademische Verlag.
Parain, Charles. 1974.
"Caractères généaux du fédalisme." Sur le féodalisme, 13-17. Centre d'études et de Recherches Marxistes. Paris: Editions Sociales.
_________. 1967.
"Comment caracteriser 'un mode de production?'." La Pensée, no. 132: 48-52.
Prawer, Joshua, and Shmuel N. Eisenstadt. 1968.
"Feudalism." International Encyclopedia of the Social Sciences, vol. 6 [?], 393-403. New York.
Rader, Trout. 1971.
The Economics of Feudalism. New York: Gordon and Breach.
Rodolsky, R. 1951, June.
"The Distribution of the Agrarian Product in Feudalism." Journal of Economic History 11, no. 3: 247-265.
Saltman, Michael. 1987.
"Feudal Relationships and the Law: A Comparative Inquiry." Comparative Studies in Society and History 29: 514-532.
Strayer, Joseph R., and Rushton Coulborn. 1965.
"The Idea of Feudalism." Feudalism in History, 3-11. Editor Rushton Coulborn. Hamden CT: Archon.
Structures féodales et féodalisme dans l'occident Méditerranéen (Xe - XIIIe siècles).1980.
école française de Rome.
Sweezy, Paul. 1976.
"A Critique." The Transition from Feudalism to Capitalism, Maurice Dobb, and et al. London: New Left Books.
________. 1978.
"A Note on Feudalism." The Transition from Feudalism to Capitalism, Maurice Dobb, and et al. London: New Left Books.
Töpfer, Bernhard. 1974.
"Zu einigen Grundfragen des Feudalismus. Ein Diskussionsbeitrag." Feudalismus, 221-254. Editor Heide Wunder. München: Nymphenburger.
_________. 1983.
"Ursachen für Fortschritte und Stagnationsercheinungen in der Feudalgesellschaft." Zeitschrift für Geschichtswissenschaft 31: 132-146.
Vasili'ev, L. S., and Stuchevskii. 1967.
"Three Models for the Origin and Evolution of Precapitalist Societies." Soviet Review 8, no. 3: 26-39.
Ward, John O. 1985
"Feudalism: Interpretive Category or Framework of Life in the Medieval West?" Feudalism: Comparative Studies, 40- 67. Editor Edmund Leach, S. N. Mukherjee, and John Ward. Sydney.
Weber, Max. 1947.
The Theory of Social and Economic Organization.
Welskopf, Elisabeth Charlotte. 1964.
"Antwort eines Historikers." Deutsche Zeitschrift für Philosophie 12: 721-737.
Wickham, Chris. 1985.
"The Uniqueness of the East." Journal of Peasant Studies 12.
Wunder, Heide. Editor. 1971.
Feudalismus. München: Nymphenburger Verlag.
Yushkov, S. 1946.
"On the Question of the Pre-Feudal ('Barbarian') State." Voprosy istorii 7.
Zakyhthinos, D. D. 1948.
"Processus de féodalisation." L'Hellenisme contemporaine 2: 499-534.


Ahrweiler, Hélène. 1980.
"Le pronoia à Byzance. Structures féodales et féodalisme dans l'Occident méditerranéen (Xe - XIIIe siècles)." Collection de l'école française Rome 44: 681-689.
Anderson, Perry. 1974.
Lineages of the Absolutist State. Atlantic Highlands: Humanities/Verso.
________. 1974.
Passages from Antiquity to Feudalism. New York: Routledge/Verso.
Andreev, Mihail. 1967.
"Zur Frage des Übergangs von der Sklaverei zum Feudalismus und zur Entstehung frühester feudaler Verhältnisse." Klio 49: 305-312.
Aston, Trevor H. and Ch. H. E. Philpin. Editors. 1985.
The Brenner Debate: Agrarian Class Structure and Economic Development in Pre-Industrial Europe. New York: Cambridge.
Aymard, Maurice. 1982.
"From Feudalism to Capitalism in Italy: The Case that Doesn't Fit." Review 6: 131-208.
Bachrach, Bernard. 1970.
"Charles Martel, Shock Combat, the Stirrup and Feudalism." Studies in Medieval and Renaissance History 7: 47-75.
Baechler, Jean, J. A. Hall and M. Mann. Editors. [date not set '87]
Europe and the Rise of Capitalism. Oxford: Basil Blackwell.
Barker, Philip. 1985.
"The Politics of Primogeniture: Sex, Consciousness and Social Organization in North Western Europe (900-1250 A.D.)." Feudalism: Comparative Studies, 87-104. Editors Edmund Leach, and et al. Sydney: Sydney Association for Studies of Society and Culture.
Baron, Samuel H. 1977.
"Feudalism or the Asiatic Mode of Production: Alternative Interpretations of Russian History." Windows on the Russian Past, Editor Samuel H. Baron, and Nancy W. Heer. Columbus OH.
________. 1969.
"The Town in 'feudal' Russia." Slavic Review 18: 116-122.
Bartlett, Robert J. 1986.
"Technique militaire et pouvoir politique, 900-1300." Annales ESC 41: 1135-1159.
Bartmuss, Hans Joachim, and Rigobert Günther. 1982.
"Klassenkämpfe und Volksbewegungen in den vorfeudalen Klassengeschellschaften und in frühfeudaler Zeit." Zeitschrift für Geschichteswissenschaft 30: 916-.
Beck, Hans Georg. 1965.
Byzantinischen Gefolgschaftswesen. Munich: Bayerische Akademie der Wissenschafter.
Beeler, John. 1971.
Warfare in Feudal Europe, 730-1200. Ithaca NY: Cornell.
Bennett, Michael. 1985.
"The English Experience of Feudalism." Feudalism: Comparative Studies, 124-135. Editors Edmund Leach, and et al. Sydney.
Bentzien, U. 1980.
Bauernarbeit im Feudalismus. Berlin.
Birioukovitch, V., and I. Levitsk. 1963.
"Le Moyen Age." Le Féodalisme, 5-25. Paris.
Bisson, Thomas N. 1978.
"The Problem of Feudal Monarchy: Aragon, Catalonia and France." Speculum 53: 460-478.
Blaut, J. M. 1989.
"[rev. of Baechler-Hall-Mann '88]." Progress in Human Geography 13, no. 3: 441-448.
Bleiber, Waltraut. 1973.
"Politische Macht und sozialökonomische Grundlagen bei der Ausbildung feudal Verhältnisse in West- und Mitteleuropa." Zeitschrift für Geschichtswissenschaft 21: 810-829.
Bloch, Marc. 1912.
"Les formes de la rupture de l'hommage dans l'ancien droit féodal." Nouvelle revue historique de droit française et étranger 36: 141-177.
________. 1932.
"Feudalism: European." Encyclopaedia of Social Sciences, vol. 6, 203-210; bibliography on p. 219. London.
________. 1939.
La société féodale. I. La formation des liens de dépendence. II. Les classes et le gouvernement des hommes. Paris.
________. 1961.
Feudal Society. Chicago: University of Chicago Press.
Bois, Guy. 1976.
Crise du féodalisme: économie rurale et démographie en Normandie orientale du début du 14e siècle au mileiu du 16e siècle. Paris: Editions de l'école des Haustes études en Sciences Sociales.
________. 1984.
The Crisis of Feudalism: Economy and Society in Eastern Normandy c.1300 - 1500. New York: Cambridge.
Bonnaissié, Pierre. 1991.
From Slavery to Feudalism. New York: Cambridge University Press.
Boulainvilliers, H. de. 1727.
Etat de la France/Histoire de l'ancien gouvernement de la France (1727). London.
Boussard, Jacques. 1986.
"Services féodaux, milices et mercenaires dans les armées en France au Xe et XIe siècles." Ordimenti militari in Occidente nell'alto medievale, i, 131-168. Spoleto.
Boutruche, Robert. 1968.
Seigneurie et féodalité. Paris: Aubier.
Brenner, Robert. 1976.
"Agrarian Class Structure and Economic Development in Pre-Industrial Europe." Past and Present , no. 70: 30-75.
Bresc, Henri. 1944.
"Féodalité coloniale en terre d'Islam. La Sicile (1070-1240). Structures féodales et féodalisme dans l'occident méditerranéen." Collection de l'école française Rome'1980 , no. 631-647.
Brown, Elizabeth A. R. 1974.
"The Tyranny of a Construct: Feudalism and Historians of Medieval Europe." American Historical Review 79: 1063-1088.
Cahen, C. 1940.
Le régime féodal de l'Italie normand. Paris.
Calmette, Jean. 1938.
La société féodale. Paris.
Cam, H. M. 1940.
"The Decline and Fall of English Feudalism." History 25: 216-233.
Cammarosano, Paolo. 1981.
"Le strutture feudali nell'evoluzione dell'Occidente mediterraneo: note sur un coloquio internazionale (rev. art.)." Studi medievali (Turin) 22, no. 2: 837-870.
Carcassonne, E. 1927.
Montesquieu et le problème de la constitution française au XVIII siècle. Paris.
Carile, Antonio. 1980.
"Signoria rurale e feudalesimo nell/impero latino dio Constantinopoli (1204-1261); Structures féodales et féodalisme dans l'Occident méditerranéen (Xe - XIIIe siècles)." Collection de l'Ecole Française Rome 44: 667-678.
Charanis, Peter. 1951.
"On the Social Structure and Economic Organization of the Byzantine Empire in the Thirteenth Century and Later." Byzantinoslavica 12: 94-153.
Chirot, Daniel. 1985.
"The Rise of the West." American Sociological Review 50: 181-195.
Collins, Randall. 1980.
"Weber's Last Theory of Capitalism: A Systematization." American Sociological Review 45: 925- 942.
Cronne, H. A. 1940.
"Historical Revisions, xci. The Origins of Feudalism." History 24: 251-259.
Czok, Karl. 1973.
"Charakter und Entwicklund des feudalen deutschen Territorialstaates." Zeitschrift für Geschichtswissenschaft 21: 925-949.
Dean, Trevor. 1988.
Land and Power in Late Medieval Ferrara: The Rule of the Este, 1350-1450. New York: Cambridge.
Diesner, Hans Joachim. 1971.
"Der Übergang von Sklavenhalter - Feudalsystem." Jahrbuch für Wirtschaftsgeschichte , no. 2: 193-210.
Dobb, Maurice. 1963².
Studies on the Development of Capitalism. New York: International.
____________. 1976.
"From Feudalism to Capitalism." The Transition from Feudalism to Capitalism, 165-169. Editors Rodney Hilton, and et al. London: New Left Books.
Dobb, Maurice. 1963².
Studies on the Development of Capitalism. New York: International.
Dockès, Pierre. 1982.
Medieval Slavery and Liberation. Chicago: Chicago.
Dopsch, Alfons. 1932.
"Beneficialwesen und Feudalität." Mitteilungen des Oesterrreichischen Instituts für Geschichtsforschung 46: 1-36.
Duby, Georges. 1962
"La Seigneurie banale." L'Economie rurale et la vie des campagnes dans l'occident médiéval, Paris: Aubier.
________. 1982.
The Three Orders: Feudal Society Imagined. Chicago: Chicago.
Elwood, Ralph C. Editor. 1984.
Russian and East European History; Selected papers from the Second World Congress for Soviet and East European Studies. Berkeley: Slavic.
Engels, Friedrich.
"Über den Verfall des Feudalismus und das Aufkommen der Bourgeoisie." Werke, vol. 21, 392-401.
Finley, Moses I. 1957.
"The Mycenaean Tablets and Economic History." Economic History Review 10: 128-141.
Fourquin, Guy. 1970.
Seigeurie et féodalité au moyen âge. Paris: Presses Universitaires de France, 1970.
________. 1976.
Lordship and Feudalism in the Middle Ages. New York: Pica.
Ganshof, François L. , 1961²
Feudalism. New York: Harpers.
Gasparri, Stefano. 1981, July.
"Il feudalesimo nell'Occidente mediterraneo." Studi Storici 22: 631-645.
Gringmuth-Dallmer, Eike. 1985.
"Der frühgeschichtliche Landausbau als Element der Produktivkraftentwicklung." Produktivkräfte und Produktionsverhältnisse, 311-323. Berlin.
Guichard, Pierre. 1980.
"Le problème de l'existence de structures de type 'féodale' dans la société d'al' Andalus (l'example de la région valencienne). Structures féodale et féodalisme dans l'occident méditerranéen (Xe - XIIIe siècles)." Collection de l'école française Rome 44: 699-725.
Gurevich, Aaron J. 1979.
Feudalismens uppkomst i västeuropa. Trans. Marie-Anne Aahlin. Stockholm: Tidens förlag.
Gurevich, Aron Iakovlevich. 1970.
Problemy genezisa feodalizma v. Zapadnoi Europe. Moscow.
Günther, Rigobert. 1967.
"Coloni liberi und coloni originarii; einige Bemerkungen zum spätantikes Kolonat." Klio 12: 267-270.
Haldon, John. 1989.
"The Feudalism Debate Once More: The Case of Byzantium." Journal of Peasant Studies 17: 5-40.
Herbert, Sydney. 1921.
The Fall of Feudalism in France. London: Methuen.
Herlihy, David. Editor. 1970.
The History of Feudalism. Atlantic Highlands: Humanities.
Hilton, Rodney H. 1974.
"Peasant Society, Peasant Movements and Feudalism in Medieval Europe." Rural Protest, 67-94. Editor Henry Landsberger. London: Macmillan.
___________. 1984.
"Feudalism in Europe: Problems for Historical Materialists." New Left Review 147: 84-93.
___________. 1990².
Class Conflict and the Crisis of Feudalism: Essays in Medieval Social History. New York: Verso/Routledge.
Hilton, Rodney et al. Editors. 1976.
The Transition from Feudalism to Capitalism. London: New Left Books.
Hilton, Rodney H., and P. H. Sawyer. 1963.
"Technical Determinism: The Stirrup and the Plough." Past and Present , no. 24: 90-100.
Hintze, Otto. 1929.
"Wesen und Verbreitung des Feudalismus." Sitzungsberichte der Preussischen Akademie der Wissenschaften, Phil.-Hist. Klasse: 321-347.
Hobsbawm, Eric J. 1975.
"From Babylon to Manchester (review of Anderson)." New Statesman 89: 177-178.
________. 1976.
"From Feudalism to Capitalism." The Transition from Feudalism to Capitalism, 159-164. Editors Rodney Hilton, and et al. London: New Left Books.
Hoffmann, Hildegard, and I. Mittenzwei. 1974.
"Stellung des Bürgertums in der deutschen Feudalgesellschaft von der Mitte des 16. Jahrhunderts bis 1789." Zeitschrift für Geschichtswissenschaft 22: 190-207.
Holton, R. J. 1985.
The Transition from Feudalism to Capitalism. London: Macmillan/St.Martin's.
Hoyt, Robert S. 1963.
Feudal Institutions: Cause or Consequence of Decentralization. New York: Holt, Rinehart and Winston.
IXe Congrès International des Sciences Historiques. I. 1950.
Rapports. Paris.
Jacoby, David. 1971.
La Féodalité en Grece mediévale. The Hague.
Kantorowicz, Ernst H. 1956.
"Feudalism in the Byzantine Empire." Feudalism in History, 151-166. Editor Rushton Coulborn. Princeton NJ: Princeton.
Koehl, Robert. 1960.
"Feudal Aspects of National Socialism." The American Political Science Review 54, no. 4.
Kovalev, S. I. 1957.
"Le tournant social du IIIe au Ve siècle dans l'Empire romain d'occident." état et classes dans l'antiquité esclavagiste, 159-178. Paris.
Kuchenbuch, L. and B. Michael. 1977.
Feudalismus - Materialien zur Theorie und Geschichte. Frankfurt am Main.
Kuchenbuch, L., and Michael B. 1977.
"Zur Struktur und Dynamik des feudalen Produktionsweise im vorindustriellen Europe." Feudalismus - Materialien zur Theorie und Geschichte, Editors L. Kuchenbuch, and Michael B. Frankfurt am Main.
___________. 1978.
"Zur Periodisierung des europäischen Feudalismus." Das Argument (Berlin) Sonderband 32: Gesellschaftsformationen in der Geschichte: 138-.
Langer, Herbert. 1971.
"Eine neue 'Krise des Feudalismus.' Zur Diskussion um die sogenannte Krise des 17. Jahrhunderts." Zeitschrift für Geschichtswissenschaft 19: 1395-1420.
Le Goff, Jacques. 1980.
"The Symbolic Ritual of Vassage." Time, Work and Culture in the Middle Ages, 237-287. Jacques Le Goff. Chicago.
Lefebvre, G., G. Procacci, and A. Soboul. 1956, January.
"Une discusison historique: du Féodalisme au Capitalisme." La Pensée , no. 65.
Lewis, Archibald. 1964.
"Count Gerald of Aurillac and Feudalism in South Central France in the Early Tenth Century." Traditio 20.
Lewis, Peter S. 1985.
"Decayed and Non-Feudalism in Late Medieval France." Essays in Later Medieval History, Peter S. Lewis. London: Hambleton.
Lewuillon, S. 1975.
"Histoire, société et lutte des classes en Gaule: Une féodalité à fin de la république et au debut de l'empire." Aufstieg und Niedergang der römischen Welt, II, 4, 425-583. Editor H. Temporini. Berlin.
Love, John.
Antiquity and Capitalism: Max Weber and the Sociological Foundations of Roman Civilization.
Mackrell, J. K. C. 1973.
The Attack on 'Feudalism' in the Eightennth Century. London.
Maitland, F. W. 1950.
The Constitutional History of England. New York: Cambridge.
Martin, John E. 1983.
Feudalism to Capitalism: Peasant and Landlord in English Agrarian Development. Atlantic Highlands NJ: Humanities.
McFarlane, Kenneth B. 1943.
"Bastard Feudalism." Bulletin of the Institute of Historical Research 20: 161-180.
Mitteis, Heinrich. 1933.
Lehnrecht und Staatsgewalt. Weimar.
________. 1938.
"Feudalism and the German Constitution." Medieval Germany, 911-1250, vol. 2, chapter 7. Editor Geoffrey Barraclough. Oxford: AMS reprint.
Montesquieu, Baron Charles Louis de Secondat. 1977.
The Spirit of the Laws: A Compendium of the First English Edition. Berkeley: California.
Mousnier, Roland. 1968.
Problèmes de stratification sociale. Paris: Presses Universitaires de France.
Mutavciev, P. 1940.
"Le problème de la féodalité à Byzance." Actes du sixième congrès international d'études byzantine, 43-44. Paris.
Müller-Mertens, Elizabeth. 1981.
"Bürgerlich-städtische Autonomie in der Feudalgesellschaft." Zeitschrift für Geschichteswissenschaft 28: 205-225.
Münch, Ernst. 1980.
"Bauernschaft und bäuerliche Schichten im vollentfalteten Feudalismus." Jahrbuch für Wirtschaftgeschichte, no. 2.
________. 1988.
"Die feudale Grundherrschaft in der deutschen Agrargeschichte des vollentfalteten Feudalismus." Zeitschrift für Geschichtswissenschaft 36: 1091-98.
Neff, Stephen C. 1984.
"Decline and Emergence: Roman Law and the Transition from Antiquity to Feudalism." Journal of Legal History 5, no. 2: 91-116.
Ogilvy, J. D. A. 1966.
"The Stirrup and Feudalism." University of Colorado Studies: Series on Language and Literature 10: 1- 13.
Ostrogorsky, George. 1951.
Pronoia. A Contribution to the History of Feudalism in Byzantium and in the South-Slavic Lands (in Serbian). Belgrade: Serbian Academy of Science, special edition 176, vol. 1.
________. 1952.
"La pronoia: Contribution à l'étude de la féodalité à Byzance et chez les slaves du sud." Byzantion 22: 437-518.
________. 1954.
Pour l'histoire de la féodalité byzantine. Bussels.
Parain, Charles. 1963.
"Le dévloppement des forces productivse en Gaule du Nord et les débuts de la féodalité." Le féodalisme, 26-39. Paris.
________. 1974.
"évolution du système féodale européen." Sur le féodalisme, 18-48. Editor Centre d'Etudes det de Recherches Marxistes. Paris: Editions Sociales.
"The General Character of Feudal Society."
Perroy, Edouard. 1945.
"Feudalism or Principalities in Fifteenth- Century France." Bulletin of the Institute for Historical Research 20.
Pocock, John G. A. 1987².
The Ancient Constitution and the Feudal Law: A Study of English Historical Thought in the Seventeenth Century. New York: Cambridge.
Poly, Jean Pierre, and Eric Bournazel. 1990.
The Feudal Transformation, 900-1200. New York: Holmes & Meier.
Postan, M. M. 1983.
"Feudalism and its Decline: A Semantic Exercise." Social Relations and Ideas: Essays in Honour of R. H. Hilton, Editors T. H. Aston, and et al. Cambridge: Cambridge.
Pryor, John H. 1985.
"The Historical Foundations of a Feudal Mode of Production." Feudalism: Comparative Studies, 68-86. Editors Edmund Leach, S. N. Mukherjee, and John Ward. Sydney: Sydney Association for Studies in Society and Culture.
Robin, Régine. 1970.
La société française à la fin de l'ancient régime. Semur-en-Auxois.
Searle, Eleanor. 1988.
Predatory Kinship and the Creation of Norman Power, 840-1066. Berkeley: California.
Sestan, E. 1946.
"L'Italia nell'età feudale." Questioni di storia medioevale, 77-127. Editor E. Rota. Como-Milan.
Skazkine, S. 1963.
"Sur la genèse du capitalisme dans l'agriculture de l'Europe occidentale." Recherches internationales , no. No. 37.
Stenton, Frank M. 1935.
"The Changing Feudalism of the Middle Ages." History 19: 289-301.
Stephenson, Carl. 1941.
"The Origin and Significance of Feudalism." American Historical Review 46: 788-812.
_________. 1942.
Medieval Feudalism. Ithica: Cornell.
Strayer, Joseph. 1956.
"Feudalism in Western Europe." Feudalism in History, 15-25. Editor Rushton Coulborn. Princeton NJ: Princeton.
_________. 1965.
Feudalism. Princeton: Van Nostrand.
_________. 1967
"Two Levels of Feudalism." Life and Thought in the Early Middle Ages, Editor Robert S. Hoyt. Minneapolis MN: Minnesota.
"Studi sulla rivoluzioni industriale." 1961.
Studi Storici 3-4.
Szeftel, Marc. 1956.
"Aspects of Feudalism in Russian History." Feudalism in History, 167-182. Editor Rushton Coulborn. Princeton NJ: Princeton.
Székely, György.
"Les voies historiques de l'etablissement du féodalisme et les variantes de la société mediéval." Pp. 48-74.
Trombetti, Budriesi, and Anna Laura. 1980.
"Per uno studio del lessico feudale in Italia. Structures féodales et féodalisme dans l'occident Méditerranéen (Xe-XIIIe siècles)." Colect. école fr. Rome 44: 327-344.
Udal'covz, Z. V. 1983.
"Die Besonderheiten des Feudalismus in Byzanz." Die Besonderheiten der byantinischen Feudalentwicklung, Editor H. Köpstein. Berlin.
Valdéon, J., J. M. Salrach, and J. Zabaldo. 1980.
Feudalismo y consolidacion de los pueblos hispanicos (Siglos xi-xv). Barcelona.
Vasiliev, Alexander A. 1933.
"On the Question of Byzantine Feudalism." Byzantion 8: 584-604.
Vilar, Pierre. 1956.
"Problems of the Formation of Capitalism." Past and Present, no. 65.
__________. 1974.
"La Transition du féodalisme au capitalisme." Sur le féodalisme, 35-48. Editor Centre d'Etudes et de Recherches Marxistes. Paris: Editions Sociales.
White, Lynn. 1966.
"Stirrup, Mounted Shock Combat, Feudalism and Chivalry." Medieval Technology and Social Change, Lynn White. New York: Oxford.
Wickham, Chris. 1984.
"The Other Transition: From the Ancient World to Feudalism." Past and Present. No. 103: 3-36.
Wojciechowski, Z. 1936.
"La condition des nobles et le probème de la féodalité en Pologne au moyen âge." Revue historique de droit française et étranger 4th ser, 15 and 16: 651-700 and 20-76.

East Asia

Asakawa, Kan'ichi. 1914.
"The Origin of the Feudal Land Tenure in Japan." American Historical Review 20: 1-23.
________. 1916.
"The Life of a Monastic Sho in Medieval Japan." Annual Report of the American Historical Association for 1916 1: 311-346.
________. 1918.
"Some Aspects of Japanese Feudal Institutions." Transactions of the Asiatic Society of Japan 46, no. pt. 1: 77-102.
________. 1929.
The Documents of Iriki. New Haven.
________. 1933.
"The Founding of the Shogunate by Minamoto Yoritomo." Seminarium Kondakovianum , no. 4.
________. 1965.
Land and Society in Medieval Japan. Tokyo: Japan Society for the Promotion of Science.
Balázs, étienne. 1964.
Chinese Civilization and Bureaucracy: Variations on a Theme. New Haven: Yale.
Bodde, Derk. 1956.
"Feudalism in China." Feudalism in History, 49-92; bibliography pp. 404-407. Editor Rushton Coulborn. Princeton: Princeton.
Ch'i Ssu-ho. 1948.
"A Comparison between Chinese and European Feudal Institutions." Yenching Journal of Social Studies 4: 1-13.
Dirlik, Arif. 1978.
Revolution and History: Origins of Marxist Historiography in China, 1919-1937. Berkeley: California.
Duus, Peter. 1990²
Feudalism in Japan. Hightstown NJ: McGraw Hill.
Eberhard, Wolfram. 1949.
Das Toba-Reich Nordchinas: eine sozologische Untersuchung. Leiden: Brill.
Feuerwerker, Albert. 1958.
"From 'Feudalism' to 'Capitalism' in Recent Historical Writing from Mainland China." Journal of Asian Studies 18: 107-116.
Franke, Otto. 1927.
"Zur Beurteilung des chinesischen Lehenswesens." Sitzungsberichte der Preussischen Akademie der Wissenschaften 31, no. Teil 1: 359-377.
__________. 1937.
"Feudalism: Chinese." Encyclopedia of the Social Sciences, vol. 6, 213-214. New York: Macmillan.
Golas, P. 1980.
"Rural China in the Song." Journal of Asian Studies 39: 291-325.
Gonthier, André. 1938.
"Le Shô japonais." Société Jean Bodin, Receuils, III: La
Tenure, Bruxelles.
________. 1949.
"L'organisation générale du 'Shô' japonais." Société Jean Bodin Receuils IV (Le Domaine).
__________. 1958².
"Le régime féodale au Japon." Société Jean Bodin, Receuil I: Les Liens du vassalité et les immunités, Bruxelles.
Granet, Marcel. 1952.
La féodalité chinoise. Oslo.
Hall, John Whitney. 1962.
"Feudalism in Japan - A Reassessment." Comparative Studies in Society and History 5: 15-51.
Hall, John C. 1906.
"Japanese Feudal Laws: the Magisterial Code of the Hojo Power Holders (1232) ." Transactions of the Asiatic Society of Japan 2nd ser. 34.
________. 1908.
"Japanese Feudal laws: The Ashikaga Code." Transactions of the Asiatic Society of Japan 1st ser. 36.
________. 1911.
"Japanese Feudal Laws III: The Tokugawa Legislation." Transactions fo the Asiatic Society of Japan 1st ser. 38 and 41.
Hsü Cho-yun, and Katheryn M. Linduff. 1988.
Western Chou Civilization. New Haven: Yale.
Ishii, Ryosuke. 1952.
"On Japanese Possession of Real Property: A Study of the Chiguo in the Middle Ages." Japan Annual of Law and Politics 1.
___________. 1978.
"Japanese Feudalism." Acta Asiatica 35: 1- 27.
Jeffcott, Colin. 1985.
"The Idea of Feudalism in China, and its Applicability to Song Society." Feudalism: Comparative Studies, 155-174. Editors Edmund Leach, and et al. Sydney: Sydney Association for Studies of Society and Culture.
"Kitai." 1936.
Bolshaya Sovietskaya Enciklopedia, vol. 32.
Lattimore, Owen. 1947.
"Inner Asian Frontiers: Chinese and Russian Margins of Expansion." Journal of Economic History 7: 24- 52.
Levenson, Joseph R., and Franz Schurmann. 1969.
China: An Interpretive History. From the Beginnings to the Fall of the Han. Berkeley: California.
Manson, William C. 1988.
"Incipient Chinese Bureaucracy and its Ideological Rationale: The Confucianism of Hsün Tzu." Dialectical Anthropology 12: 271-284.
Maspero, Henri. 1950.
"Le régime féodale et la propriété foncière." Mélanges posthumes sur les religions et l'histoire de la Chine, 109-146. Henri Maspero. Paris.
________. 1950.
"Les régimes fonciers en Chine, des origines au temps modernes." Mélanges posthumes sur les religions et l'historie de la Chine, 147-192. Henri Maspero. Paris.
________. 1950.
"Les termes désignant la propriéte foncière en Chine." Mélanges posthumes sur les religions et l'histoire de la Chine, 193-208. Henri Maspero. Paris.
Mass, Jeffrey P. 1974.
Warrier Government in Early Medieval Japan: A Study of the Kamakura Bakufu, Shugo and Jito. New Haven: Yale.
____________. 1982.
"The Early Bakufu and Feudalism." Court and Bakufu in Japan, 123-142. Editor Jeffrey P. Mass. New Haven: Yale.
Matsuoka, Hisato. 1970.
"Special Features of Japanse Feudalism." International Congress of Historical Sciences, 13, T.I, ch.4, 113-125. I. Moscow.
Mass, Jeffrey P. 1974.
Warrier Government in Early Medieval Japan: A Study of the Kamakura Bakufu, Shugo and Jito. New Haven: Yale.
___________. 1982.
"The Early Bakufu and Feudalism." Court and Bakufu in Japan, 123-142. Editor Jeffrey P. Mass. New Haven: Yale.
McKnight, Brian E. 1975.
"Fiscal Privileges and the Social Order." Crisis and Prosperity in Sung China, Editor John W. Haeger. Tuscon AZ: Arizona.
Myers, R. H. 1974.
"Transformation and Continuity in Chinese Economic and Social History (Review Essay)." Journal of Asian Studies 18: 265-277.
Nagahara Keiji. 1960.
"The Social Structure of Early Medieval Japan." Hitotsubashi Journal of Economics: 90-97.
Reischauer, Edwin O. 1956.
"Japanese Feudalism." Feudalism in History, 26-48. Editor Rushton Coulborn. Princeton: Princeton.
Schram, Louis M. 1954
The Monguors of the Kansu-Tibetan Frontier: Their Origin, History, and Social Organization. Philadelphia: American Philosophical Society.
Schwartz, Benjamin I. 1954, February.
"A Marxist Controversy in China." Far Eastern Quarterly 13, no. 2.
Takeuchi, Rizo. 1965.
"Studies of Japanese Feudalism and Dr. Kan'ichi Asakawa." Land and Society in Medieval Japan, Kan'ichi Asakawa. Tokyo: Japan Society for the Promotion of Science.
___________. 1982.
"Old and New Approaches to Kamakura History." Court and Bakufu, 269-283. Editor Jeffrey Mass. New Haven.
Tanigawa Michio. 1985.
Medieval Chinese Society and the Local 'Community'. Berkeley: California.
Totman, Conrad. 1979, May.
"English-Language Studies of Medieval Japan: An Assessment." Journal of Asian Studies 38, no. 3: 541-551.
Trimberger, Ellen K. 1985, March.
"State Power and Modes of Production: Implications of the Japanese Transition to Capitalism." Insurgent Sociologist 7, no. 2.
Tsukahira Toshio. 1966.
Feudal Control in Tokugawa Japan. Cambridge MA: Harvard.
Wright, Arthur F. 1957, February.
"(review of E. Balàzs, études sur la société)." Far Eastern Quarterly 16.
Yasuda Motohisa. 1965.
"History of the Studies of the Formation of Japanese Hoken System." Acta Asiatica 8: 74-1000.

Central and South Asia

Alavi, Hamza. 1980.
"India: Transition from Feudalism to Colonial Capitalism." Journal of Contemporary India 10: 359-399.
Baden-Powell, B. H. 1896.
The Indian Village Community. London.
Coulborn, Rushton. 1968.
"Feudalism, Brahmanism and the Intrusion of Islam upon Indian History." Comparative Studies in Society and History (review of Sharma, Indian Feudalism) 10: 356-374.
Datta, B. N. 1952.
Dialectics of Land Economics in India. Calcutta.
Fox, Richard G. Editor. 1977, circa.
Realm and Region in Traditional India. n.p., n.d.
Gopal, K. K. 1962.
"Feudal Composition of Army in Early Medieval India." Journal of the Andhra Historical Research Soceity 28.
Gopal, Lallanji. 1963.
"On Some Problems of Feudalism in Ancient India." Annals of the Bhandarkar Oriental Res. Inst. 44: 1-32.
________. 1963.
"Quasi-Manorial Rights in Ancient India." Journal of Economic and Social History of the Orient 6, no. Pt.3.
Gunawardana, R. A. L. H. 1971.
"Irrigation and Hydraulic Society in Medieval Ceylon." Past and Present , no. 53: 3-27.
Habib, Irfan. 1974.
"The Social Distribution of Landed Property in Pre- British India (a historical survey)." Historical Probings in Memory of D. D. Kosambi, 264-316. Editors R. S. Sharma, and V. Jha. New Delhi: Peoples Publishing House.
________. 1974.
"Distribution of Landed Property in Pre-British India." Indian Society: Historical Probings, 275-282. Editors Ram Sharan Sharma, and V. Jha. Delhi.
________. 1985.
"Classifying Pre-Colonial India." Journal of Peasant Studies 12: 44-53.
Jaiswal, Suvira. 1979.
"Studies in Early Indian Social History." Indian Historic Review 6: 18-21.
Jha, Dwijendra N. 1986.
"Early Indian Feudal Formation: The State of the Art." Social Science Probings 3: 287-320.
Jha, Dwijendra N. Editor. 1987.
Feudal Social Formation in Early India. Delhi: Chanakya Pubs.
__________. 1987.
"Introduction." Feudal Social Formation in Early India, 3-41. Editor D. N. Jha. Delhi: Chanakya Pubs.
Kosambi, Damodar D. 1956.
An Introduction to the Study of Indian History. Bombay: Popular Book Depot.
________. 1965.
The Culture and Civilization of Ancient India in Historical Outline. London.
________. 1969.
"Indian Feudalism." Rural Sociology of India, Editor A. R. Desai. Bombay.
Kotani, H. 1985, March.
"The Vatan System in the 16th-18th Century Deccan - Towards a New Concept of Indian Feudalism." Acta Asiatica , no. 48: 27-50.
Kovalevski, Maxim M. 1879.
Obshchinnoye Zyemlevladyenie, Prichini, Khod i Posled'stviya evo Razlozheniya. Moscow.
Leach, Edmund. 1959.
"Hydraulic Society in Ceylon." Past and Present , no. 15: 2-26.
Levkovsky, A. I. 196.
Capitalism in India: Basic Trends in its Development. New Delhi: Peoples Publishing House.
Malik, S. C. 1975.
Understanding Indian Civilization: A Framework of Inquiry. Simla: Indian Inst. of Adv. Study.
Mazumdar, Bhakat Prasad. 1960.
Socio-Economic History of Northern India. Calcuatta: U. L. Mukhopadhyay.
Mukhia, Harbans. 1981.
"Was there Feudalism in Indian History?" Journal of Peasant Studies 8, no. 3: 273-310.
Nandi, R. N. 1985.
"Agrarian Growth and Social Conflicts in Early Feudal India." Social Science Probings 2: 163-203.
Njammasch, Marlene. 1979.
"Kasten, Kastensystem und Feudalgesellschaft. Eine Überlegungen zur Genesis des Kakstensystems in Indien ." Jahrbüch für Wirtschaftsgeschichte.
_________. 1984.
"Die sozialöknomischen Würzeln der Stagnationserscheinungen in der nordindischen Feudalgeschaft des 10. bis 12. Jahrhunderts." Jahrbüch der G F 8: 114-.
________. 1984.
"From the Ancient Labour Tax to the Feudal Corvée: A Marxist Approach to the Study of Visti." Social Science Probings 1: 563-578.
________. 1984.
Untersuchung zur Genesis der Feudalismus in Indien. Berlin: Akademie Verlag.
Patnaik Utsa. 1971, September 25.
"Capitalist Development in Agriculture." Economic and Political Weekly (Bombay): A123-30.
Pearson, Michael N. 1985
"Land, Noble and Ruler in Mughal India." Feudalism, 175-196. Editors Edmund Leach, and et al. Sydney: Sydnay Association for Studies in Society and Culture.
Perlin, Frank. 1981.
"Concepts of Order and Comparison, with a Diversion on Counter Ideologies and Corporate Insitutions in Late Pre-Colonial India." Feudakusn abd Bib-European Societies, 87- 165. Editors T. J. Byres, and Harbans Mukhia. London: Cass.
Ramsay, L. E. B. Cobden. 1982.
Feudatory States of Orissa (1910). Calcutta.
Roberts, Michael. 1984.
"'Caste Feudalism' in Sri Lanka? A Critique through the Asokan Persona and European Contrasts." Contributions to Indian Society 18, no. 2: 189-217.
Rudolph, Susanne Hoeber. 1963, January.
"The Princely States of Rajputana: Ethic, Authority and Structure." Indian Journal of Political Science 24.
Sen, Bhowani. 1962.
Evolution of Agrarian Relations in India. New Delhi: Peoples Publishing House.
Sharma, Ram Sharan. 1968.
"A Survey of Land System in India c. 200 B.C. to A.D. 650." Joural of Bíhar Research Society 44: 225-234.
________. 1974.
"Methods and Problems of the Study of Feudalism in Early Medieval India." Indian Historical Review 1: 81-82.
________. 1974.
"Indian Feudalism Retouched." Indian Historical Review 1, no. 2: 320-330.
________. 1978.
Ancient India. Delhi.
________. 1981².
Indian Feudalism. Delhi: Macmillan of India/South Asia Books.
________. 1982.
"The Kali Age: A Period of Social Crisis." India: History and Thought, Editor S. N. Mukharjee. Calcutta.
________. 1984.
"How Feudal was Indian Feudalism?" Journal of Peasant Studies 12, no. 2.
Sharma, Ram Sharan. 1901.
"Problem of Transition from Ancient to Medieval In Indian History." Indian Historical Review 1.
Shelvankar, K. S. 1969.
"Indian Feudalism: Its Characteristics." Rural Sociology of India, Editor A. R. Desai. Bombay: Popular Prakashan.
Singh, V. B. 1970².
Indian Economy Yesterday and Today. New Delhi: Peoples Publishing House.
Sircar, D. C. 1969.
Landlordism and Tenancy in Ancient and Medieval India as Revealed by Epigraphical Records. Lucknow: Lucknow.
Stein, Burton. 1985.
"Politics, Peasants and the Deconstruction of Feudalism in Medieval India." Journal of Peasant Studies 12, no. 2-3.
Thakur, Vijay Kumar. 1979.
"Recent Writings on Indian Feudalism: A Historiographical Critique." Journal of the Bihar Research Society 65-66: 341-354.
___________. 1989.
Historiography of Indian Feudalism: Towards a Model of Early Medieval Indian Economy. New Delhi: Commonwealth. Critique." Journal of the Bihar Research Society 65-66: 341-354.
Thorner, Alice. 1918, December 4.
"Semi-Feudalism or Capitalism? Contemporary Debate on Classes and Modes of Production in India." Economic and Political Weekly 17, no. 49-51: 1961-68, 1993- 99, 2061-66. Critique." Journal of the Bihar Research Society 65-66: 341-354.
Thorner, Daniel. 1965.
"Feudalism in India." Feudalism in History, 133-150. Editor Rushton Coulborn. Hamden CT: Archon. Critique." Journal of the Bihar Research Society 65-66: 341-354.
Tod, James. 1957.
Annals and Antiquities of Rajasthan, or the Central and Western Rajpout States of India (1829). London. Critique." Journal of the Bihar Research Society 65-66: 341-354.
Yadava, B. N. S. 1973.
Society and Culture in Northern India in the Twelfth Century. Allahabad.
_________. 1974.
"Immobility and Subjection of Indian Peasantry in Early Medieval Complex." Indian Historical Review 1, no. 1: 18-27.
_________. 1987.
"The Accounts of the Kali Age and the Social Transition from the Antiquity to the Middle Ages." Indian Historical Review 5, no. 1-2 (July 1978): Reprinted in D. N. Jha, editor, Feudal Social Formation. Critique." Journal of the Bihar Research Society 65-66: 341-354.

West Asia

Altheim, F., and R. Stiehl. 1954.
Ein asiatischer Staat. Feudalismus under den Sasaniden und ihren Nachbarn. Wiesbaden: Limes Verl.
Ashtor, Eliyahu. 1976.
"Iraq under Mongol and Turcoman Feudal Lords." A Social and Economic History of the Near East in the Middle Ages, 249-279. Eliyahu Ashtor. Berkeley: California.
Balkan, Kemal. 1986.
Studies in Babylonian Feudalism of the Kassite Period. Malibu CA: Undena.
Bausani, Alessandro. 1971.
The Persians; from the Earliest Days to the Twentieth Century. London: Elek.
Beldiceance, Nicoará. 1980.
"Le timar dans l'état ottoman (XIVe - XVe siècles). Structures féodales et féodalisme dans l'occident méditerranéen (Xe - XIIIe siècles)." Collection de l'école francaise Rome 44: 743-753.
Ben Abdallah, Habib. 1986.
De l'iqtà étatique à l'iqtà militaire. Transformation économique et changements sociaux à Baghdad, 247-447 de l'Hégire, 861-1055 ap. J. . Stockholm: Almqvist & Wiksell.
Brundage, Burr C. 1956.
"Feudalism in Ancient Mesopotamia and Iran." Feudalism in History, 93-119; bibliography pp.408-409. Editor Rushton Coulborn. Princeton: Princeton.
Cahen, Claude. 1953.
"L'évolution de l'iqta du IXe au XIIIe siècle." Annales ESC 8: 25-52.
Cornelius, F. 1972.
Das Hethiterreich als Feudalstaat. Munich: Bayerische Akademie der Wissenschaften.
Delaporte, Louis. 1936.
Les Hittites. Paris.
D'iakonov, Igor M. 1963.
"The Commune in the Ancient East as Treated in the Works of Soviet Researchers." Soviet Anthropology and Archaeology 2, no. 1: 32-46.
Islamoglu, Huri, and Caglar Keyder. 1981.
"The Ottoman Social Formation." The Asiatic Mode of Productoin: Science and Politics, Editors Anne M. Bailey, and Joseph R. Llobera. London.
Katouzian, H. 1981.
The Political Economy of Modern Iran. New York: New York.
La Monte, J. L. 1932.
Feudal Monarchy in the Latin Kingdom of Jerusalem 1100 to 1291. Cambridge MA.
Lambton, Ann K. S. 1967.
"The Evolution of the Iqta in Medieval Iran." Iran 5: 41-50.
Moghadam, Fatemeh E. 1988.
"Nomadic Invasions and the Development of Productive Forces: An Historical Study of Iran (1000-1800)." Science and Society 52: 389-412.
Nomani, Farhad. 1972.
The Origin and Development of Feudalism in Iran: 300-1600 A.D. PhD dissertation: Department of Economics, University of Illinois, Urbana.
___________. 1976, March.
"Notes on the Origins and Development of Extra Economic Obligations of Peasants in Iran, 300-1600 A.D." Iranian Studies 9.
Petrushevsky, I. P. 1949.
Ocherki po istorii feodal'nykh otnosshenii v Azerbaidzhane i Armenii v XVI - nachale XIX vekov. Leningrade.
________. 1968.
"The Socio-Economic Condition of Iran under the Il- Khans." Cambridge History of Iran, vol.5, 483-537. Editor John A. Boyle. New York: Cambridge.
Pigulevskaia, N. V., et al. 1958.
Istoriia Irana s drevneishikh vremen do konsta XVIII veka. Leningrad.
Pigulevskaya, N. V., A. V. Yakubovsky, L. V. Petrushevski, L. V.
Striyeva, and A. M. Belnitski. 1967. The History of Iran from Ancient Times to the End of the Eighteenth Century (in Persian). Tehran.
Richard, Jean. 1980.
"La féodalité de l'Orient latin et de mouvement communal: Un état des questions. Structures féodales et féodalisme dans l'occident Méditerranéan (Xe-XIIIe siècles)." Collect. école fr. Rome 44: 651-665.
Saleh, Jahangier. 1978.
Social Formations in Iran, 750-1914. PhD Dissertation: Department of Economics, University of Massachusetts at Amherst.
Sanders, W. T. and Webster, D. 1978.
"Unilinealism, Multilinealism, and the Evolution of Complex Societies." Redman, C. L., et al, Editors. Social Archaeology. New York: Academic: 249-302.
Shaugannik, Hassan. 1985, December.
"Mode of Production in Medieval Iran." Iranian Studies 18, no. 1: 75-94.
Werner, Ernst. 1966.
Die Guburt einer Grossmacht - Die Osmanen: Ein Beigrag zur Genesis des türkischen Feudalismus. Berlin: Akademische.
Widengren, G. 1956.
"Recherches sur le féodalisme iranien." Orientalia Suecana 5: 79-182.
Wittek, Paul. 1958².
"La féodalité musselmane." Société Jean Bodin, Receuils, I. Les liens de vassalité et les immunités, Bruxelles.


Adams, William Y. 1977.
Nubia - Corridor to Africa. Princeton: Princeton.
Beattie, J. H. M. 1964.
"Bunryoro: An African Feudality." Journal of African History 5: 25-35.
Bernstein, Henry. 1977.
"Marxism and African History - Endre Sik and his Critics." Kenya Historical Review 5: 1-21.
Berque, Augustine. 1949.
"Esquisse d'une historire de la seigneurie algérienne." Revue de la Méditerranée.
Büttner, Thea. 1967.
"On the Socio-Economic Structure of Adamawa in the Nineteenth Century: Slavery or Serfdom." études africaines, 43-61. Editor W. Markov. Leipzig.
________. 1967.
"[title unknown, but relates to Afrika und die asiatischer Productionweise]." Jahrbuch für Wirtschaftsgeschichte , no. 4: 287-312.
Chilver, E. M. 1960.
"'Feudalism' in the Interlacustrine Kingdoms." East African Chiefs A. I. Richards. London.
Cliffe, L. 1974.
"Capitalism or Feudalism? The Famine in Ethiopia." Review of African Political Economy 1: 34-40.
Cohen, R. 1966.
"The Dynamics of Feudalism in Bornu." African History, Editor Butler. Boston.
Crummey, Donald. 1975.
"[review article]." International Journal of African Historical Studies 8.
_________. 1980.
"Abyssinian Feudalism." Past and Present , no. 89: 115-.
_________. 1981.
"State and Society: 19th-Century Ethiopia." Modes of Production in Africa: The Precolonial Era, 227-249. Editors Donald Crummey, and C. C. Stewart. Beverly Hills CA: Sage.
Crummey, Donald and C. C. Stewart. Editors. 1981.
Modes of Production in Africa: The Precolonial Era. Beverly Hills: Sage.
Edgerton, William F. 1956.
"The Question of Feudal Institutions in Ancient Egypt." Feudalism in History, 120-132. Editor Rushton Coulborn. Princeton NJ: Princeton.
Fallers, L. A. 1961.
"Are African Cultivators to be Called Peasants?" Current Anthropology 2: 108-110.
Gallissot, René. 1974.
"L'Algérie précoloniale." Sur le féodalisme, 147-179. Editor Centre d'Etudes et de Recherches Marxistes. Paris: Editions Sociales.
Gebre-Wold, Ingida Worz. 1962.
"Ethiopia's Traditional System of Land Tenure and Taxation." Ethiopia Observer 5, no. 4: 302-339.
Gellner, Ernest. 1977.
"Class before the State: The Soviet Treatment of African Feudalism." Archives européennes de sociologie 28: 299-322.
Gilkes, Patrick. 1975.
The Dying Lion: Feudalism and Modernization in Ethiopia. New York: St. Martin's.
Goody, Jack. 1963.
"Feudalism in Africa?" Journal of African History 4: 1-18.
________. 1969.
"Economy and Feudalism in Africa." The Economic History Review 22: 393-405.
Jaffe, Hosea. 1985.
A History of Africa. London: ZED/Humanities.
Kees, Hermann. 1932.
"Beiträge zur altägyptischen Provinzialverwaltung und der Geschichte des Feudalismus." Nachrichten von der Gesellschaft der Wissenschaften zu GÖttingen: 85-119 and 579-598.
Law, Robin C. C. 1976.
"Horses, Firearms, and Political Power in Pre-Colonial West Africa." Past and Present 72: 112-132.
________. 1978.
"In Search of a Marxist Perspective on Pre-Colonial Tropical Africa." Journal of African History 19: 441-452.
Loeb, E. M. 1962.
In Feudal Africa. Bloomington IL: Southern Illinois.
Lombard, J. 1957.
"Un système politique traditionnel de type féodal: les Bariba du Nord-Dahomey. Aperçu sur l'organisation et le pouvoir central." Bulletin d'information de de liaison des Instituts d'Ethnosociologie et de Géographie Tropicale (Abidjan) 19: 464-506.
________. 1960.
"La vie politique dans une ancienne société de type féodal: les Bariba du Dahomey." Cahiers d'études Africaines 1: 5-45.
________. 1965.
Structures de type 'féodal' en Afrique noire. Paris.
Mair, Lucy. 1961.
"Clientship in East Africa." Cahiers d'études africaines 2: 315-325.
Maquet, Jacques J. 1961. "Une hypothèse pour l'étude des féodalités africaines." Cahiers d'études africaines 2: 292-314.
McCaskie, T. C. 1963.
"R. S. Rattray and the Construction of Asante History: An Appraisal." History in Africa 10: 187-206.
Nadel, S. F. 1942.
A Black Byzantium: The Kingdom of Nupe in Nigeria. London: Institute of African Languages and Culture/Oxford.
Pankhurst, Richard K. P. 1961.
An Introduction to the Economic History of Ethiopia from Early Times to 1800. Addis Ababa/New York: Lalibela House.
Peters, Emrys L. 1967.
"Some Structural Aspects of the Feud among Camel-Herding Bedouins of Cyrenaica." Africa 17: 261-282.
Pirenne, Jacques. 1936.
"La féodalité en Egypte ." Revue de l'institut de sociologie 15: 15-36.
Potekhin, I. I. 1955.
Formirovanie Natsionalnoi Obschnosti Yuzhnoi Afrikanskich Bantu. Moscow.
________. 1962.
"Land Relations in African Countries." Peoples of Asia and Africa, Moscow.
________. 1960.
"On Feudalism of the Ashanti." 25th International Congress of Orientalists, Moscow.
Smith, Adbullahi. 1971.
"The Early States of the Central Sudan." History of West Africa, vol. I, 158-201. Editors J. F. A. Ajaui, and M. Browder. New York: Columbia.
Steinhart, Edward I. 1967.
"Vassal and Fief in Three Lacustrine Kingdoms." Cahiers d'études africaines 7: 606-623.
Stoeber, H. 1969.
"Der europaïsche Sklavenhandel und die feudale Produktionsweise an der westafrikanischen Sklavenküste." Ethnographisch- Archäologische Zeitschrift (Berlin) 10: 487-500.


Adams, Richard E. W., and W. D. Smith. 1981.
"Feudal Models for Classic Maya Civilization." Lowland Maya Settlement Patterns, 235-349. Editor Wendy Ashmore. Albuquerque NM: New Mexico.
Gibson, E. C. 1985.
"Inferred Sociopolitical Structure." A Consideration of the Early Classic Period in the Maya Lowlands, 161-174. Editors Gordon Willey, and P. Matthews. Albany NY: SUNY.